|“In mourning it is the world which has become poor and empty; in melancholia it is the ego itself.” |
― Sigmund Freud, "Mourning and Melancholia"
In this essay, Freud argues that mourning and melancholia are similar but different responses to loss. In mourning, a person deals with the grief of losing of a specific love object, and this process takes place in the conscious mind. In melancholia, a person grieves for a loss he is unable to fully comprehend or identify, and thus this process takes place in the unconscious mind. Mourning is considered a healthy and natural process of grieving a loss, while melancholia is considered pathological.
The New Black: Mourning, Melancholia and Depression by Darian Leader